Colon is removed by laparoscopic surgery – removal of the large intestine in the following cases:
Intestinal infections such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
Familial polyposis Hereditary (genetic) disease in which hundreds and thousands of polyps (small tumors) are formed. along each colon.
The term “endoscopy” refers to the use of a treatment technique called “laparoscopy”, During which the surgeon performs the surgery through a very small incision (5-10 mm) in the abdomen.
As for the speculum, it is a small device similar to a telescope that is inserted through the aforementioned small incision near the navel.
Colectomy surgery includes three basic stages:
-The first stage : Placement of the laparoscope.
-The second phase : Separation of the sigmoid colon from the rectum.
-third level : The ileum is reconnected with the rectum.
It is best when the patient returns home after colectomy to increase his level of physical activity gradually and at a steady pace.
Walking is an excellent sport and helps complete recovery, as it is a good muscle tonic and stimulates blood flow to prevent the formation of clots, in addition to helping to maintain clean lungs.
A person who had good physical fitness and was accustomed to exercising before surgery to remove the large intestine can return to routine training when he feels that he is able to do so, but it is conditional on the approval of the doctor.
It is worth noting that it is necessary to completely refrain from doing exercises that require great effort, lifting heavy weights and abdominal exercises for a period of 6 weeks after the day of surgery.
After returning home after the removal of the large intestine, the patient must maintain a light diet, meaning that he can eat almost everything he wants except for uncooked fruits and vegetables.
This nutrition must be strictly maintained until the postoperative examination, and if this nutrition causes constipation, a doctor should be consulted.