The thyroid gland absorbs almost all of the iodine in your body. for this reason , Radioactive iodine I-131 can be used to treat thyroid cancer. Iodine mainly accumulates in the cells of the thyroid gland. Radiation can damage the thyroid gland and any other cells (including cancer cells) that absorb iodine. With little effect on the rest of the body.
This treatment may be used to remove (destroy) any thyroid tissue that was not removed with surgery or to treat certain thyroid cancers that have spread to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
Radioactive iodine treatment helps people live longer if they have papillary or follicular thyroid cancer (differentiated thyroid cancer) that has spread to the neck or other parts of the body, It is now standard practice in such cases. But the benefits of radioactive iodine therapy are less clear for people with small thyroid cancers that do not appear to have spread. which can often be completely removed with surgery. Discuss the risks and benefits of radioactive iodine treatment with your doctor. Radioactive iodine therapy cannot be used to treat thyroid (undifferentiated) and medullary thyroid cancer because these types of cancer do not take up iodine.
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