What is the rectum?

The rectum is located at the bottom of the digestive system and is the last part of the colon that connects to the anus, its length reaches 12 cm, and it is one of the important organs in the human body.

Its main function is to store stool until it is excreted through the anus.

Rectal cancer and methods of prevention and treatment:

rectal cancer, What is one of the most common types of cancer? How do you protect yourself from it?

Rectal cancer

Here are the health foundations that you should promote in your life:

Many of us hear about the prevalence and prevalence of bowel cancers, especially colon cancer and rectal cancer, which may be preventable depending on the lifestyle that you may practice.

Rectal cancer: It belongs to the list of large intestine cancer, which is the third most common and widespread type of cancer.

And we will help you know the most important ways to prevent it.

Risk factors for rectal cancer
There are many factors that may play a role in raising the risk of colon cancer, the most important of which are:

  • age: People over the age of 40 have an increased risk of colon cancer.
  • Lack of exercise.
  • Lack of fiber in the human body.
  • Genetic factor.
  • Eating unhealthy foods, especially foods rich in fat.
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol.
  • smoking.
  • The presence of chronic diseases of the intestine.

Signs and symptoms of rectal cancer:

  1. Clinical signs: Constipation or diarrhea, weight loss and loss of appetite.
  2. The usual signs: Where the signs and symptoms occur regularly and continuously with people, and these signs are in the form of:
  • The presence of blood in the stool and it is light or dark in color
  • Feeling crampy and severe stomach pain
  • Constant feeling of flatulence
  • Feeling of full stomach
  • Feeling of vomiting and nausea
  • Bowel obstruction
  • anemia



Diagnosis of rectal cancer:

Rectal cancer is diagnosed in several ways to detect the disease and one of the most important methods of diagnosis used, she:

  • That the doctor performs a barium injection with air blowing into the intestines
  • Endoscopy
  • Performing a radiograph of the colon (tomogram)
  • Colonoscopy is one of the most common methods used to diagnose rectal cancer.

Methods of treatment of rectal cancer:

He performs the treatment in several stages:

The first stage: performing the surgery
The doctor performs the removal of the tumor by performing surgery on the patient.

The second stage: chemical treatment

After the operation, the patient undergoes chemotherapy, which begins two months after the operation and may last from six to twelve months.

The third stage: radiotherapy
After using chemotherapy, the patient undergoes radiotherapy, in which the treatment is done with laser beams through radioscopy.

Ways to prevent rectal cancer

  • Avoid smoking, because smoking is one of the main causes of colorectal cancer.
  • Eat healthy foods and increase your intake of fiber and its sources from whole grain legumes, vegetables and fruits.
  • Lose weight and follow a healthy lifestyle Weight can be reduced by staying away from foods rich in fat and sugar.
  • Reducing red and processed meat such as sausage, as many studies link increased intake of it with a higher risk of cancers of the digestive system, especially the colon and rectum.
  • Avoid alcohol, as it may increase your risk of rectal cancer.
  • Avoid citrus fruits and foods high in sodium.
  • Do regular exercise.
  • Carrying out periodic and annual check-ups.