What is high blood pressure disease?
It is a pathological condition characterized by chronically elevated systemic arterial blood pressure.
It is considered present when the systolic pressure is 140 mm Hg or more and the diastolic pressure is 90 mm Hg or more consistently. It is the level of stress that is associated with doubling the risk factors.
The benefits of medical intervention outweigh the risks and costs of non-intervention.
How widespread is it?
The prevalence varies greatly depending on age, gender, race, genetic factor, lifestyle, food quality, and many others. For example, if we take the age group from 18 to 24 years, we will find that the percentage of pressure patients is about 4%, and for those over the age of Sixty years of age reaches 60%, especially for black-skinned people 3,12
Does the value of pressure alone determine the presence of the disease?
No, it is a definition that agrees with most studies that the condition is related to the patient and not to the disease. Patients whose pressure is higher than 130/80 mm Hg and have diabetes or kidney disease at the same time are considered to have high blood pressure. 4,13