How to do heart surgery:
The most important technical scientific contribution is the great discovery of the heart-lung machine. The method of its work lies in converting the blood circulation to its correct path in the heart, and this process allows the surgeon to continue his surgery on the heart while it is in the state in which it is static and completely emptied of blood. the operation
In addition, a significant development in antioxidant and immunosuppressive drugs, simultaneous rejection of foreign bodies, and the ability to lower the temperature during the procedure.
At the present time, many heart operations of all kinds are being performed, such as valve replacement, heart replacement, implantation of an artificial heart, and its transfer from another human being.
such as implanting an artificial heart, as well as performing surgery on large arteries such as the aorta, Acquired hereditary heart defects that cause narrowing of the path of valves or blood vessels.
And heart surgery is one of the surgeries that people who specialize in heart diseases or what are called cardiac surgeons generally involve.
Cardiac surgery is divided into two main parts:
They are closed heart surgery and open heart surgery. Heart surgery is an example of thoracic surgery. The difference between closed and open heart lies in the type of classification that is attributed to the artificial heart and lung machine separately.
Open heart operation If the symptoms call for an open heart operation, the operation must be performed immediately, and blood is donated a day before the operation by the donors, and it is determined and scheduled by the doctor.
The doctor advises the patient not to take aspirin for a period of not less than ten days from the operation, and the doctor may need to give the patient an anticoagulant before the time of the operation, and if there are any signs of respiratory symptoms, infection and chills, the doctor must be informed of them immediately before the operation if they exist a week before the procedure the operation. If the patient is admitted to the intensive care unit, the efficiency of the heart must be determined by inserting a catheter through a vein in the neck, extending towards the right atrium and the right ventricle at the same time, and the pulmonary artery, where it measures blood pressure and the pressure of the cardiac chambers. It also monitors the amount of blood passing through the heart, and the electrocardiogram is also monitored. Some patients may suffer from several changes in the heart after the open-heart surgery.